In this thesis, we analyze the vulnerability of pairing-based cryptographic schemes against physical attacks like side-channel attacks (SCAs) or fault attacks (FAs). Compared to well-established cryptographic schemes, for example, from standard elliptic curve cryptography (ECC), less is known about weaknesses of pairing-based cryptography (PBC) against those attacks. Reasons for this shortcoming are the complexity of PBC and a missing consensus on parameters, algorithms, and schemes,e.g., in the form of standards. Furthermore, the structural difference between ECC and PBC prevents a direct application of the results from ECC. To get a better understanding of the subject, we present new physical attacks on PBC. Our results, including the practical realizations of our attacks, show that physical attacks are a threat for PBC and need further investigation. Our work also shows that the community should agree on parameters, algorithms, and schemes to reduce the complexity of PBC with respect to physical attacks.